inflammation of the synovial joints of the backbone. Ankylosing spondylitis is a sero-negative arthritis; 90% of cases carry the tissue-type antigen HLA-B27 (see HLA system). Ankylosing spondylitis predominantly affects young adult Caucasian males and the inflammation affects the joint capsules and their attached ligaments and tendons, principally the intervertebral joints and sacroiliac joints (see sacroiliitis). The resultant pain and stiffness are treated by analgesics (including NSAIDs) and physiotherapy. The disorder can lead to severe deformities of the spine (see kyphosis, ankylosis) and the hip joint, in which case surgical correction or arthroplasty may be required.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • Spondylītis — (v. gr.), Entzündung der Rückgrathswirbel …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • spondylitis — 1849, Mod.L., from L. spondylus, from Gk. spondylos, variant of sphondylos “vertebra” + ITIS (Cf. itis) …   Etymology dictionary

  • spondylitis — [spän΄də līt′is] n. [< SPONDYLO + ITIS] inflammation of the vertebrae …   English World dictionary

  • spondylitis — spondylitic /spon dl it ik/, adj. /spon dl uy tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the vertebrae. [1840 50; < Gk spóndyl(os) vertebra, whorl, mussel + ITIS] * * * ▪ pathology       inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae. Spondylitis takes… …   Universalium

  • Spondylitis — Bei der Spondylitis (latinisiertes Griechisch: Spondylitis „Wirbelentzündung“) handelt es sich um eine Entzündung der Wirbelkörper, die unterschiedliche Ursachen – infektiös oder aseptisch – hat. Wenn sie auch auf die Bandscheiben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spondylitis — Not to be confused with spondylosis. Spondylitis is an inflammation of a vertebra. Any disorder of the spinal column may be called spondylopathy, also. Pott s disease is tuberculous disease of the vertebrae marked by stiffness of the vertebral… …   Wikipedia

  • spondylitis — Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae. [spondyl + G. itis, inflammation] ankylosing s. arthritis of the spine, resembling rheumatoid arthritis, that may progress to bony ankylosis with lipping of vertebral margi …   Medical dictionary

  • Spondylitis — Entzündung des Knochenmarks der Wirbel * * * Spon|dy|li|tis 〈f.; , ti|den; Med.〉 Entzündung eines od. mehrerer Wirbelkörper, bes. infolge von Tuberkulose; Sy Wirbelentzündung [zu grch. spondylos „Rückgrat“] * * * Spon|dy|li|tis [ʃp…, sp…], die; …   Universal-Lexikon

  • spondylitis — [ˌspɒndɪ lʌɪtɪs] noun Medicine inflammation of the joints of the backbone. See also ankylosing spondylitis. Origin C19: from L. spondylus vertebra + itis …   English new terms dictionary

  • spondylitis — noun Etymology: New Latin, from Greek sphondylos, spondylos vertebra Date: circa 1849 inflammation of the vertebrae …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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